In this article, I want to compare teaching English online to classroom teaching without getting too deep into the pros and cons of each. I have learned that it’s a matter of preference and it’s up to the individual teacher.

For example; being able to teach across time zones online may be a huge plus for a night owl but it may not suit someone used to working 9-5.

One teacher may like the routine of set class schedule and paid vacations and others like the flexibility of making their own schedule.

They are different but have one goal in common: to teach students the skills that will give them the practical ability to use English.

About the author: Elizabeth Sawatzky is a graduate of OnTESOL’s 250-hour TESOL diploma. She has taught English in Vietnam and online.

Basic Requirements/Qualifications For ESL Teaching Online

Let’s start with what’s required. If you’re a native English speaker you already have the most important requirement to teach English.

The second is a bachelor’s degree, in anything. You can have a B.A. in Fermentation Sciences and you will qualify.

Higher education shows that you are focused, responsible, you know how to manage time, and have good reading and writing, and grammar skills.

The third, qualification for ESL teaching online, and for some schools it’s either/or, is a teaching certificate from an accredited TESOL/TEFL institute. Usually a minimum of a 120-hour TESOL certificate.

And finally, for teaching in a classroom setting, many schools in many countries will require some teaching experience.

If you have two or three out of four, then you’ve met the requirements for teaching or tutoring overseas. It can be an advantage to speak the language of the country you’re teaching in, however, it is not usually a strict requirement.

So, those are the requirements for teaching in a classroom, in person. Teaching online is a whole other kettle of fish.

You need to meet the requirements for a classroom teacher before you can become an online teacher, but there’s more. You will also be required to meet the technical requirements, which are quite strict and non-negotiable.

Read: How to Keep Calm and Patient In The Online ESL Classroom

Technology and Work Environment

ESL teaching online requires, first and foremost, a high-speed internet connection with loads of bandwidth. This is because you are probably going to be using video. You will be asked to send proof of your connection speed. Wi-Fi is usually not reliable enough and you should have an ethernet connection.

Next, there’s the hardware requirement. Online teachers will also need to have a digital camera, headphones, and speakers to interact with students online.

And finally, you need a dedicated space that is quiet and has good lighting and a professional-looking backdrop. You cannot go to Starbucks, order a latte, and set up your laptop on the corner table.

esl teaching online

Adapting Teaching Methods and Materials

Whether you are teaching from the comfort of your home or in a brick and mortar school building with twenty pairs of eyes staring back at you, you are still teaching grammar, vocabulary, and conversation, and so on.

Some approaches that you can do in the classroom may be impractical for online teachings, for example, using the TPL (Total Physical Response) method might be a bit challenging.

Most approaches, however, will work for both ESL teaching models. The direct approach, the natural approach, and the communicative approach all translate well online.

The materials and teaching aids used in the classroom can still be used online if you use video. For example, you can utilize a whiteboard just as well over Zoom as you can in class so, if your squiggly diagrams are OK for the classroom, they’re OK for an online lesson.

Read: Teaching ESL Remotely: Tips for Mental and Physical Health


ESL schools offer holidays off with pay (if you are on salary or contract) and your weekends are free. They offer stability but less control over your schedule.

Also, working at an ESL school doesn’t leave much time to take in the sights and travel around the country you are staying in, but when your contracts end, you will have made enough and likely get a completion bonus so you can spend a couple of weeks traveling.

Most online ESL teaching companies operate 365 days a year and do not stop for weekends, public holidays, or summer or winter break; it is up to the teacher to set their own schedule. This is the trade-off for being able to make your own schedule.

What You Need to Know About esl teaching online

Isolation VS Adventure

To me, the single biggest draw of online teaching is the ability to work and travel. Of course, you can work and travel if you teach overseas, but I’m talking about living the digital nomad life. Sounds good, right?

Teaching online, you can take your laptop and hit the road, as long as there’s the internet and you have a dedicated space to teach (as outlined above).

Working at home in front of a computer or even in your beachfront hotel room can be lonely. Sure, you’re chatting with people all day, but you don’t have the intimacy and personal connection with students and fellow staff members that you get teaching at a school.

A lot of countries like Japan, Korea, and UAE pay for accommodations and flights, but the drawback is that you have to sign a contract, usually for one year. You get to meet people and experience the culture, at the cost of flexibility and freedom.

Live a life of adventure and teach English abroad!

Contracts and Pay

As mentioned above, your potential for earning will coincide with your training and experience. One other important thing to consider is that most online teaching companies do not offer legally binding contracts.

Never actually meeting the people you work for is also somewhat of a risk, and online contracts are a little less secure and more in favor of the company. Online teaching does tend to pay less, for several reasons: you may have to find your own students, one-on-one lessons are more common, and the hourly rate is typically lower.


To teach English online I recommend enrolling in a 120-hour TESOL certificate and adding OnTESOL’s 20-hour Teaching English Online specialist course.  The 120-hour TESOL certificate will provide you with the foundational training required by all online ESL schools. The 20-hour Teaching English Online course will provide you with the appropriate techniques and strategies to use in the online ESL classroom. 

Teaching online requires the same skill sets as teaching in-person, plus a few more that can make it challenging for technophobes. This goes for the students as well, who might also lack the technological skills needed to take online classes.

Online teaching is growing in popularity, more so with people who are just getting into the business as opposed to teachers with years of experience, who have taught in the classroom for years. It’s also popular with teachers looking to make extra money part-time. In my opinion, one is not better than the other and it’s up to the individual teachers’ preference.

The twentieth century has seen many changes from the way we teach to what is taught so, it’s not surprising that the platform will continue to evolve and adapt to the needs of the future.

Recommended Reading:

The Daily Life of An Online ESL Teacher

TESOL Teacher Review: Teaching English Online with Rorixwell

4 Things I Wish I Had Known Before Teaching English Online

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