250-hour TESOL Diploma: Phonology Module

Chapter 1Introduction to the topicDefinition of Phonology
Relation to Linguistic
Applied Linguistics; grammar; phonetics Sciences
Basic phonological rules and their relationship to the different aspects of grammar
The speech mechanism
Chapter 2Getting to know the anatomy of the mouthThe larynx
The articulators inside the mouth
Chapter 3The English VowelsDescription of vowels and lip position
English short vowels
English Long vowels
Vowels glides: Diphthongs
Vowels glides: Triphthongs
Teaching pronunciation with phonemic symbols
Quiz 1: Vowels
(recognize vowels and their position in the oral cavity)
Chapter 4The English ConsonantsConsonants by manner of articulation
Consonants by place of articulation
Consonants-vowel combination chart
Teaching hints
Quiz 2: Consonants
(recognize manner and place of articulation)
Chapter 5VoicingVoiced and voiceless sounds
Lenin and fortis sounds
Quiz 3: Voicing
Chapter 6The phonemePhoneme vs. Allophone
Minimal pairs
Free variation and complementary distribution
Extra reading: Phonemic chart activities for ESL learners
Chapter 7The syllableStructure of the syllable: onset, peak and coda
Consonants clusters
Quiz 4: Syllable structure
Chapter 8Connected SpeechSounds in isolation and in connected speech
Regressive assimilation
Progressive Assimilation
Chapter 9Strong and Weak forms of the syllableStrong and weak forms of function wordsQuiz 5: Strong and weak forms of the syllable
Extra reading: Connected speech- How this affects native and non-native speakers
Chapter 10Word StressStress in simple words
Two-syllable words
Quiz 6: Word stress
Extra reading: Why word stress is important- Rules of word stress
How to help ESL students: Activities
Chapter 11Compound wordsEnglish-type compounds
Single stressed compounds
Double stressed ompounds
Change of stress
Variations in Simple and Compound words
Quiz 7: Compound word stress
Chapter 12Sentence stressIdentify correct stress pattern
Content words vs. function words
Quiz 8: Sentence stress
Extra reading: Sentence stress- Activities for ESL students
Chapter 13IntonationIntonation of statements, questions, non-finalityExtra reading: Teaching intonation with a Visual Display of Fundamental frequency Practising stress and intonation- Why intonation matters
Chapter 14Teaching pronunciationIntegrating pronunciation into the classroom activities:
Word stress
Vowel sounds
Weak forms
Sentence stress
Extra reading:
Make pronunciation physical. (by Adrian Underhill)

Phonology Syllabus – Certificate in the Theory and Methodology of TESOL
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