250-hour TESOL Diploma: Methodology

Introduction to First Language Acquisition

  • First language acquisition and behaviorism
  • Inadequacies of the behaviorist approach
  • An innate language-learning capacity
  • The grammatical development of children
  • Telegraphic speech
  • The development of inflections and function words
  • The development of transformations
  • Cognitive factors in first language acquisition
  • Language and concepts

Task 1

Chapter 1: Approaches to Language Teaching

  • A Summary of History of Language teaching
  • Grammar-Translation Method
  • The Reform
  • Direct Method
  • Audiolingual Method
  • Communicative Language Teaching: Communicative Approach

Video tutorial: Direct Method, Audiolingual Method and CLT demos.

Task 2

Chapter 2: The First Class

  • Icebreakers and fillers
  • The first class (getting-to-know activities)

Video tutorials:
1. Observe How it Works in Practice: First Class Icebreakers
2. Fillers: A Simple Way of Using a few Spare Minutes

Task 3

Chapter 3: Communicative Approach

  • Main features and goals
  • Role of the teacher
  • Characteristic of the teaching/learning process
  • Student-teacher interaction: Interactive patterns
  • Teacher Talk Time (TTT)
  • Typical activities in the Communicative Approach
  • Techniques and materials
  • Functions and exponents

Video Tutorial: Identifying Functions and Exponents

Task 4, Assignment 1

Chapter 4: Lesson Planning: Presentation Stage

  • Teaching grammar using the Communicative Approach
  • Presentation of new material: The P-P-P Framework
  • The six steps of the presentation stage
  • What learners need to know about a new item of language
  • Other ways of presenting new language: The Test-Teach-Test (TTT) framework; Engage- Study- Activate (ESA); Grammar analysis; Generative contexts and situations; using texts; using songs
  • Communicative Approach ESL textbooks

Tasks 5 and 6

Chapter 5: Elicitation Techniques: Concept questions

  • What is elicitation?
  • Asking concept questions
  • Types of Concept Questions

Assignment 2

Chapter 6: Lesson Planning: Practice Stage

  • The importance of oral practice
  • Characteristic of the practice stage (Mechanical drills, meaningful drills, communicative drills)

Video tutorial: Types of Drilling and Oral Practice

Assignment 3

Chapter 7: Lesson Planning: Production Stage

  • The importance of the production stage
  • The problems of the learners
  • The role of the teacher
  • Communicative production
  • Group work

Video tutorials:
1. Group Work Activities
2. Typical Activities in the CA (From Practice to Production)

Task 7

Chapter 8: Teaching Vocabulary

  • How to introduce new vocabulary
  • How to make vocabulary memorable
  • Different techniques to introduce vocabulary

Video tutorials:
1. Vocabulary teaching strategies
2. Teaching parts of speech communicatively

Assignment 4

Chapter 9: How to Write a Lesson Plan

  • The fundamentals of lesson planning
  • What is involved in a lesson plan
  • Guidelines
  • Why a lesson plan
  • Plan your lesson
  • Layout of a lesson plan
  • Stages in a lesson plan
  • Timing
  • Aims/assumptions/ anticipated problems
  • Interactive patterns
  • Identifying and describing lesson aims
  • Lesson plan samples

Video tutorials:
1. Why is Lesson Planning Important?
2. Teaching Beginners

Assignments 5 and 6

Chapter 10: Class Observation

  • What to observe in a class
  • Observations tasks

Video recorded ESL lessons:
1. Grammar (Adverbs of Frequency) and Speaking Lesson (Beginner Level)
2. Phrasal Verbs and Speaking Lesson Using Task-based Learning (TBL) (Intermediate Level)
3. Grammar (Conditional Sentences) and Speaking Lesson (Intermediate Level)

Assignments 7, 8, and 9

Chapter 11: Teaching Skills: Speaking

  • Introduction to the four major skills: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Staging a speaking lesson
  • The role of the teacher
  • Integrating speaking to other skills
  • Speaking lesson plans samples

Videos tutorials:
1. Storytelling in ESL
2. Communicative Activity: Integrated Skills
Video recorded ESL lesson: Different speaking strategies, integrating grammar in the speaking lesson

Assignment 10

Chapter 12: Teaching Skills: Listening Comprehension

  • Aims of a listening task
  • Steps in a listening lesson
  • Types of listening tasks and activities
  • Sample listening comprehension lesson plans

Video recorded ESL lesson: Different listening comprehension strategies; integrating speaking and writing

Assignments 11 and 12

Chapter 13: Teaching Skills: Reading Comprehension

  • Aims of reading comprehension
  • Types of reading texts and activities
  • Sample reading comprehension lesson plans

Video tutorial: How to Help Students Improve Reading Comprehension Skills
Video recorded ESL lesson: Mistakes to avoid in a reading comprehension lesson

Assignments 13 and 14

Chapter 14: Teaching Skills: Writing

  • Motivate your students to write
  • Stages in a writing lesson
  • Examples of writing tasks
  • Task Based Learning (TBL) applied to writing lessons
  • Using mind-mapping in writing lessons
  • Writing and beginner learners

Task 8

Chapter 15: Correcting Students Mistakes

  • Correction techniques
  • Purpose of correction
  • When to correct
  • What to correct

Video tutorials:
1. What Should a Teacher Know About English Pronunciation?
2. Teaching Intonation
Video: ESL students’ pronunciation mistakes

Assignments 16 and 17

Chapter 16: Classroom Management

  • Recognize the different roles of the teacher
  • Work with different group dynamics
  • Analyze behavior problems
  • Solve problematic situations in the classroom
  • Make the most of materials and resources
  • Create the best learning environment

Video tutorial: Creating a Well-Functioning Classroom

Task 9

Chapter 17: Evaluation and testing

  • Evaluation and its purpose
  • Testing
  • Types of tests
  • Approaches to test construction: Direct and Indirect Testing
  • What makes a ‘good’ test good

Task 10

Chapter 18: Using Authentic Material

  • The importance of using authentic material in the ESL classroom
  • What’s video for?
  • Uses and techniques
  • Teaching the four skills with video
  • Sample authentic material lesson plans

Video tutorials:
1- Using the Internet in the Classroom
2- Using Authentic Material – TBL Lesson Plan Using a Video Clip

Assignments 18 and 19

Final methodology exam

Methodology Syllabus – Certificate in the Theory and Methodology of TESOL
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